Best practices: Async Reverse Geocoding with Ruby and Geocoder

Published Jan 10, 2018
Best practices: Async Reverse Geocoding with Ruby and Geocoder

What's up guys? Today I will share with you how I approach reverse geocoding using the Geocoder gem.

As you may know the Ruby gem Geocoder lets you do reverse geocoding "automatically" in the model by doing reverse_geocoded_by :latitude, :longitude and that is cool, but I found a better way...

First, the Geocoder gem makes a request to the Google maps API, and that takes time making my response a slow. So I decided to do the reverse geocoding in an async process after my record detected a change in my latitude and longitude fields.

app/models/location.rb

class Location < ApplicationRecord
  
    ...
    after_commit -> { ReverseGeocodingWorker.perform_async(id) }, if: :coordinates_changed?
    
    private
    
    def coordinates_changed?
    	latitude_changed? && longitude_changed?
    end
    ...
end

Now, lets see the ReverseGeocodingWorker class in charge of updating the location record with the results of the Google Maps API

app/workers/reverse_geocoding_worker.rb

class ReverseGeocodingWorker
  include Sidekiq::Worker
  sidekiq_options retry: true

  def perform(location_id)
    location = Location.find(location_id)
    results = Geocoder.search([location.latitude, location.longitude])
    if results
      result = result.first
      location.update_attributes(
        street_address: result.street_address,
        city: result.city,
        state: result.state,
        postal_code: result.postal_code
      )
    end
  end
end

This is gonna speed up your response time since you are delegating the reverse geocoding process to the worker.

Lastly I want to share one bonus tip for the Geocoder setup which is gonna increase the response time and will also save your Google Maps quota, just by enabling the cache option:

config/initializers/geocoder.rb

Geocoder.configure(
  # Geocoding options
  lookup: :google,
  ip_lookup: :freegeoip,
  use_https: false,
  cache: Redis.new
)

Hope you good luck with your reverse geocoding feature.

Please let me know if you have questions or want me to write new posts about best practices for Ruby apps.

Cheers!

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