An Extensive Guide To Create Responsive Blogs Using HTML5 and CSS3

Published Jun 25, 2015Last updated Aug 24, 2017

Programming with HTML5 and CSS3 technologies have dramatically improved the landscape in web development. These technologies have certainly presented better ways to develop intriguing websites with unique interfaces.

HTML5 and CSS3 offer incredible functionalities that certainly empowered developers to generate worthwhile websites while encompassing ongoing web trends. Whether you want to integrate an exclusive graphic design in the interface or any other enticing media element like animation, these markup languages allow you to accomplish the task with a flair. Moreover, all the major browsers also support them and ensure a seamless execution of websites developed with these languages. This is not it.

We all are aware of the rapidly increasing demand of a mobile-optimized website. This growing demand has substantially made the responsive designs gain a great momentum. A responsive web design approach not only allows one to efficiently deal with the proliferation of mobiles, but also ensures a miraculous performance of websites on both desktops and mobile devices. Since, CSS3 media queries buttress responsive design, no wonder why more and more people are considering HTML5 and CSS3 to develop a responsive website.

This guide will reveal a step by step process for building a responsive blog by using HTML5 and CSS3. The tutorial has been written while assuming that its readers possess basic knowledge about both the technologies.

Let’s begin.

1. Create a basic HTML file

The HTML5 embraces simple and easily understandable doctype. Moreover, it also eradicates the usage of self-closing tags, and introduced several new elements, including <menu>, <video> and <audio>, to name a few. It eventually saves a lot of web development time and efforts.

Here is the complete code that you need to include in your HTML file.

Code Snippet of HTML file:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
  <head>
    <meta charset="utf-8">
  <meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="IE=edge,chrome=1">
  <title>Responsive Blogs Using HTML5 and CSS3</title>
  <meta name="description" content="">
  <meta name="author" content="">
  <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width; initial-scale=1.0">
  <link rel="shortcut icon" href="/favicon.ico">
  <link rel="apple-touch-icon" href="/apple-touch-icon.png">
  <link rel="stylesheet" href="css/style.css" />
  </head>
  <body>
<div id="wrapper">
  <header id="header">
    <h1>This is a Responsive Blogs Using HTML5 and CSS3</h1>
    <nav class="navigation">
      <ul>
        <li><a href="#">Home</a></li>
        <li><a href="#">Services</a></li>
        <li><a href="#">Blog</a></li>
        <li><a href="#">Contact</a></li>
      </ul>
    </nav>
  </header>
    <div id="content" class="clearfix">
      <section id="left-sidebar">
        <p>Left Sidebar Content Goes Here</p>
      </section>
             
      <section id="right">
        <p>Right Side Content Goes Here</p>
      </section>
    </div>
         
    <footer>
      <p>Some copyright and legal notices gere. May be use the © symbol a bit.</p>
    </footer>
  </div>
</body>
</html>

2. Working on various sections of Page

In the above mentioned code snippet, I have included five HTML tags that can help you define your web page. The entire page is wrapped via a div tag, and the wrapper ID will wrap on the complete website.

Broadly, there are three different sections on a page, including header, content div and the footer. They have been defined in the code by their respective tags. The ‘nav’ tag has been also used to define the navigation elements. Through the section tag, the content section and sidebar are defined. In order to make them float, CSS style needs to be considered.

3. Styling via CSS3

To enhance the basic layout created via the HTML in step 1 and create a refined look and feel, CSS3 can be used for styling in a required way. Here I have worked on CSS to create pretty effects.

  • Code Snippet to create ‘navigation link hover’ effect:
#wrapper{
 width:1024px; 
 margin:0 auto;
}
#header h1{
  text-align: center;
}
  nav.navigation {
  display: block;
  margin-bottom: 10px;
}
nav.navigation  ul {
  list-style: none;
  font-size: 14px; 
  text-align: center;
}
nav.navigation  ul li {
  display: inline-block;
}
nav.navigation  ul li a {
  display: block;
  float: left;
  padding: 3px 6px;
  color: #575c7d;
  font-size:22px;
  text-decoration: none;
  font-weight: bold;
}
nav.navigation  ul li a:hover {
  background: #ccc;
  color: #fff;
  -webkit-border-radius: 3px;
  -moz-border-radius: 3px;
  border-radius: 3px;
  padding: 3px 6px;
  margin: 0;
  text-decoration: none;
}

By including chink of code in your CSS document, you can create some cool and neat navigation link hover effect.

  • Code Snippet to create ‘clearfix styles’ effect:
/* page Content */
#content {
  display: block;
  clear: both;
  margin-bottom: 20px;
  min-height: 500px;
}

#left-sidebar {
  width: 35%;
  float: left;
  margin: 0 15px;
  background: #ccc; 
  min-height: 500px; 
  text-align: center;
}
#right {
  float: right;
  width: 62%;
  background: #efefef; 
  text-align: center;
  min-height: 500px;
}
footer{text-align: center;}
/* clearfix */
.clearfix:after {
  content: “.”;
  display: block;
  clear: both;
  visibility: hidden;
  line-height: 0;
  height: 0;
}
.clearfix {
  display: inline-block;
}

html[xmlns] .clearfix {
  display: block;
}
* html .clearfix {
  height: 1%;
}

The clearfix styles can ensure a standard-compliant blog. The aforementioned code includes #left-sidebar and #right elements that represent the respective side of the section to the page. The div#content container consists the clearfix class. This will help float the web content in an optimal way while cleaning up the additional space.

4. Creating a Responsive Blog using HTML5 and CSS3

For creating a responsive blog, one can use the attributes of the targeted device. However, there is a better solution that can be used by implementing a CSS framework like the Bootstrap.

Bootstrap offers a brilliant way to create a responsive blog that can run efficiently on various screen sizes.

Code Snippet of Responsive Blog using HTML5 and CSS3:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
  <meta charset="utf-8">
  <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1">
  <link rel="stylesheet" href="http://maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/3.3.0/css/bootstrap.min.css">
</head>

<body>
<div class="container">
<div class="jumbotron">

<header>
  <h1>Welcome to My Blog </h1>
  <p>Check the responsive blog page!</p>
</div>

<div class="row">
  <div class="col-md-4">
    <h3>First Blog Post</h3>
    <p>Blog Content Goes Here</p>
  </div>
  <div class="col-md-4">
    <h3>Second Blog Post</h3>
    <p>Blog Content Goes Here</p>
  </div>
  <div class="col-md-4">
    <h3>Third Blog Post</h3>
    <p>Blog Content Goes Here</p>
  </div>
</div>
<footer id="footer">
<p>copyright text </p>
 </footer>
 </div>

</div>
</body>
</html>

To ensure that your blog can be easily accessed from various devices, the viewport meta tag can be used. This meta tag basically defines the way your blog will be represented on a device.

In the above code,

  • width is set equal to the device-width.
  • Initial scale is set to 1. This will help embrace the touch-zooming effect on the blog.

This is a complete guide to create a responsive blog while using HTML5 and CSS3 technologies. Go through the steps thoroughly. There are several amazing effects that you can add in your blog via CSS3. I have included a few of them. I hope this will help you create a requisite responsive web design with an intriguing interface with a breeze.


About the Author
Jack Calder
Jack Calder is a nice expert in the field of web development. He is currently working as psd to html service provider in markupcloud. Jack loves to do various research on perfect platforms that are very effective and useful.

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